Not all children in India get quality education and are lucky to enjoy their childhood in the right manner. Many of them are forced to work under in human condition where their miseries know no end. Though there are laws banning child labour, still children continue to be exploited as cheap labour. It is because the authorities are unable to implement the laws meant to protect children from being engaged as labourers
Unfortunately, the actual number of child labour in India goes undetected. Children are forced to work in completely unregulated condition without adequate food, proper wages and rest. They are subjected to physical, sexual and emotional abuse.
CAUSES OF CHILD LABOUR – Factors such as poverty, lack of social security, the increasing gap between the rich and poor have adversely affected children more than any other group. We have failed to provide universal education, which results in children dropping out of school and entering the labour force.
Loss of jobs, farmer suicide, armed conflict and high costs of healthcare are other factors contribute to child labour and devoid the future generation quality education.
A WIDESPREAD PROBLEM – Due to the high poverty and schooling opportunities, child labour is quite prevalent in India. Child labour is found in rural as well as urban areas. The 2001 census found an increase in numbers of child labourer from 11.28 million in 1991 to 12.59 million.
Children comprise 40% of the labour in the precious stones cutting sector. They are also employed in other industries such as mining, zari and embroidery, dhabas, tea stalls and restaurants and in homes as domestic labour.