The nature divided us into two genders i.e. male and female while crafting the most complex living structure; but the society classified these mortal beings as family earners and family makers. This division of labor was charted out centuries ago when the earnings were solely based on physical labor. Biologically, this system was appropriate around the time when humans were far from civilization, living as cave-people. But as time progressed, this idea became rigid and turned to a baseless stone-carved rule. People forgot the logic behind the understanding, thus leading to discrimination, oppression, and subjugation of women.
Now the human population lives in a globalized era and the modern civilization is at its pinnacle. Today’s jobs no longer merely require physical labor but mostly depend on intellect and creativity of employees. Often women are more than capable of overcoming these barriers but the traditional mindset of Indian society denies women of these basic rights. It is still considered in rural areas that a female is just a burden and capable of only managing the house. This rudimentary thinking leads to female infanticide and female child deaths. This disturbs the female-male ratio and causes imbalance in the social milieu and hampers the social growth of a civilization. If the girl child survives, then her path of life is not a bed of roses. At a very young age, the child is taught to be submissive, respect elders, and their male counterparts. This congenital submission by the female enables the men to harass a woman mentally, physically and sexually throughout her life.
The scenario in urban regions is quite contrasting. The thinking prevalent in city-dwellers is that if a married woman is working then she is not a good home-maker as she is not devoting her full time to the family. Here, the female faces lack of financial independence as the woman depends on her spouse’s income to meet daily expenses. Added to this is the disapproval of freedom to work by males who fear that they might have to lose their jobs to women. Even if females work in the corporate sector, the issue of security still prevails as the number of assault cases against women are on the rise, especially in the national capital.
Women empowerment refers to providing females with opportunities that enable them to walk shoulder to shoulder with their male counterparts.
The Indian government has enacted much legislation to support the cause: The Equal Remuneration Act, The Dowry Prohibition Act, The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act and The Maternity Benefit Act to name a few.
Today’s woman, with the help of many aids provided by government, is single-handedly managing her job and the home. No longer is she confined within the four walls. She is stepping out and showcasing her talent in various fields. This change has occurred only since last two decades. The mind-set of general population is changing. Women are being promoted and are doing better than ever.
All of us, men and women, must come together to support the cause of women empowerment and spread the message of equality, because that is the only way forward in which there will no discrimination on the basis of gender.